Notes from a Peakland Parish

An Account of the Church and Parish of Hope in the County of Derby,
by William Smith Porter (1923)

Transcribed by Rosemary Lockie, © Copyright 1999-2000

Chapter IV.


ON one of the first pages of the second volume of the Parish Registers, which covers the period from 1661 to 1736, is a copy of the will of Joseph Fox of Rowlee, lead merchant, in which he bequeaths the sum of five pounds, the Interest to be “imployed for putting of some poor childe within the whole parish apprentice, or towards raiseing a stock to sett some poor on worke, hopeing hereafter some charitable minded person may augment the same”. The date of the will is July 14th 1699. George Fox, the brother, is named sole executor, and Henry Balguy, testator's stepfather, supervisor. The vicar, churchwardens, and overseers of the poor are named as trustees with Henry Balguy for the purposes of the above bequest.

A Board within the Church, under the tower, bears the following inscription: “Within this table are contained ye several legacyes left to charitable uses by ye last Will and Testm. of Henry Balguy late of Rowlee within this parish, father of Henry Balguy of Derwent Hall in ye parish of Hathersage and County of Derby esqr. wch. said legacyes are paid by him as executor to his said father and in performance of the trust rep...d in him: To the Feofees of the Free School of Hope £10. 0. 0.: To the poor within Woodlands and Little Alsop £10. 0. 0.: To the poor in Hope and the rest of the parish £10. 0. 0.: To the poor within the hamblett of Darwent £10. 0. 0.: To the poor within the rest of the parish of Hathersage £5. 0. 0.: To the poor of Tideswall and that parish

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£5. 0. 0.: And for my son-in-law Joseph Fox Gen:[1] deceased £5. 0. 0.: To the poor of Woodland and Darwent, and to the poor of Hope and that parish £5. 0. 0.: And for my daughter Elizabeth deceased to the poor of Woodland and Darwent £5. 0. 0.: and to the poor of Hope and that parish £5. 0. 0.: To an orthodox and conformable minister at Darwent Chapel £20. 0. 0. All which sums to the poor are to be put forth and employed that the interest thereof may be bestowed for the putting forth poor children as apprentices and servants, or for the raiseing a stock to sett the poor on work, (hopeing in time some charitable christian will augment the same); all which sd. sums while in my hands I have I will employ to that use which I think fit and most needful”.

On another board within the Church, near the North Door, is the following inscription:

“Thos: Eyre of Rowtor esqr. gave to the Church a piece of ground now called ye Vicrs. part, adjoining to Fullwood Style East & Hope Common North. A.D. 1722, The Rev. Mr. Jacob Cresswell Vicr. left by will to ye poor of Hope, to be paid every Newyear's Day for ever, ye sum of £1. 5. 0. A.D. 1730, Mrs. Creswell widw. & relict of ye above sd. vicr. left a close called ye Hall Croft Head & a House att Castleton, ye profitts of ye same to be employed in putting out poor children apprentices. She likewise left more to ye Schoolmaster at Hope for teaching two of ye poorest children to read and write (to be paid yearly for ever) the sum of £1. 0. 0d. Mr. Artram left to ye poor of Bradwall (to be plaid every St. Thomas' Day for ever) the sum of 12s. 0. A.D. 1729), Thos: Middleton left to ye poor of Bradwall (to be paid every St. Thomas' Day for ever) the sum of 5s. 0.

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A.D. 1730, Thos: Hallom left to ye poor of Bradwall (to be paid every St. Thomas' Day for ever) the sum of 12s. 6. A.D. 1784, Mr. Champion of Edale left by will the sum of seventy pounds to be placed out at interest upon real or personal security for ever, and one half of the interest arising therefrom to be paid yearly for ever to the Schoolmaster of Hope for teaching so many poor children living in Hope to read English, as such interest money will pay for, and the other half of the said interest to be laid out in Wheat Bread, weekly, for ever and given to such poor people as attend divine service on a Sunday morning. The Vicar or Curate and Churchwardens of Hope for the time being are left Trustees.”

The Parish Charities administered at Hope at the present time (1921) are as follows:[2]

Pinder's Meadow: 1 rood 36 perches.
The Pinder receives £2 per annum by letting the meadow.
Present Trustees: Messrs. Joseph Holme, Joseph Unwin, and the Pinder (N. Tym).

Bull Meadow: now represented by £596. 0. 0. in Consols.
The income paid to the Keeper of the Parish Bull.
Trustees: The Guardian of the Poor and the Overseers for the time being.

Jacob Creswell's Charity: Land -- 4 acres 32 perches.
Income distributed to deserving poor at Christmas. Present Trustees: Messrs. Joseph Eyre and Jesse Wain.

Phoebe Creswell's (School) Charity: Land at Chinley -- 16 acres;
The late School House at Hope; and a sum in Consols, forming a part of the Charity of Joseph Champion (1784) before referred to. The income is partly devoted to the poor of Hope (distributed on St. Thomas' Day), and a smaller part is paid to the County Education Office at Derby.

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Present Trustees: Of the old School House: The Vicar of Hope and Mr. Joseph Holme (the surviving trustees), to whom have been added, under the Charity Commissioners' Scheme, Messrs. Joseph H. Dalton (for Aston), Jesse Eyre (for Brough). George Hall (for Hope), and Benjamin Holme (for Hope).
Trustees of Joseph Champion's Trust: The Vicar and Churchwardens for the time being, and Messrs. Joseph Holme and John Hall, as representing the Parish Council.

Mrs. Creswell's (Apprenticing) Charity: Two Cottages at Castleton and 'Doctor's Field' (now allotments) at Hope.
Present Trustees: The Vicar of Hope and Messrs. Joseph Eyre and John T. Hall.
Under the new scheme of 1920, in consequence of the Trustees “being unable usefully to apply the income of the Charity in apprenticing poor children”, power is given to “apply the same in the assistance of poor persons who are resident in the ancient parish of Hope who are under the age of 21 years, and who are preparing for, entering upon, or engaging in, any trade, occupationl, or service, by outfits, payment of fees for instruction, payment of travelling expenses, or such other means for their advancement in life or to enable them to earn their own living”.

Champion Bray and Joseph Champion (Eleemonsynary) Charities:
Income derived from Consols, and employed in clothing, food, medical or other aid, in sickness, for the benefit of the poor of Hope.
Present Trustees: The Vicar of Hope and Messrs. Joseph Eyre and John T. Hall.

Mr Joseph Champion was a member of the well-known Edale family, and I believe was also a benefactor to Edale. Mr. Champion Bray of Fullwood in the parish of Hope, and executor

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of Mr. Champion's will, was Churchwarden of Hope 1810-11, and gave the handsome brass chandelier in the Chancel of Hope Church during his year of office, in commemoration of the Jubilee of King George III. He died in 1825, and by his will left £100, “secured upon the Turnpike road leading from Sheffield to Chapel-en-le-frith”, the interest of which was to be distributed as follows: to Castleton and Hope each the interest on £40, to Edale the interest on £20.

The inhabitants of the parish of Hope had ancient rights of turbary and stone getting upon Crookstone Moor, and the following memorandum, of comparatively recent date (though no date is affixed to it), is amongst the papers in the parish chest:

Crookstone Peat and Stone Pits. This Charity is believed to have been founded in the following manner:
“Previous to 1691 the Commons in the Township of Hope were very extensive. The Township was within the limits of Peak Forest. The Freeholders and Copyholders of Hope had enjoyed certain rights of Common over the wastes. A writ of partition appears to have been issued in or previous to 1691, under the authority of which Surveyors were appointed and surveys made of the waste of the township. A contemporary copy of the Map made by the Surveyors is now in the possession of Robert How Ashton Esqre. J.P. of Castleton, dated July 6th 1691, and signed by Luke Leigh and Edmund Hall Surveyors. Upon this map the word “Crooksdaine” appears as one of the boundaries of certain land then alloted to Henry Balguy Esqre. On another old map, also in the possession of Mr. Ashton, relating to the Township of Hope and Aston, is the following note: ‘ye part of Crooksden is 160 statute acres besides 8 acres for slate and 40 acres for free stone and peats’.”

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“In an old copy of a deed dated 18th December 1711, made between John Swindell of the first part and Ann his wife and others, it was recited that by an Indenture of Lease dated 1st July 1699, one John Hall for the consideration therein mentioned granted and conveyed to John Plummer and his heirs certain hereditaments in Hope, one portion of the parcels being described as: ‘one piece or parcel of heath or moorland in Hope aforesaid called the Sheep pasture. containing by estimation 150 acres, be the same more or less, the land of Henry Lydell Esquire,[3] being southwardly, and the land of Henry Balguy esquire northwardly thereof, whereon the tenants and freeholders of Hope aforesaid have liberty to dig get and carry away peats to burn in their houses in Hope aforesaid’.”

“Evidence can be procured to the effect that the inhabitants of Hope have always claimed the right to dig peat on the Crookstone Moorland, but as ample supplies of coal exist within 15 miles of Hope peat has not been burnt by the inhabitants for many years. On inspecting the moorland in question the site of the old peat pits is very evident and many acres of moorland have been cleared of peat at this particular place. The fact that peat has been superseded by coal and that the rights of the inhabitants have not been generally exercised over the land for many years has necessarily given rise to some doubt as to the facts having reference to the property. A person however is still alive who has assisted to carry away peat from the pits for fuel. The ground is unenclosed and open moorland. So recently as June 1866 stone was got by one of the freeholders at Hope out of this piece of land as a matter of right and not by sufferance”.

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“It is added that ‘the situation of this piece of land' (that referred to in the above note as Crooksden) 'can be fixed with almost absolute accuracy by comparing the old plan before referred to with the large scale ordnance survey and with the land itself. The old workings for slate are quite perceptible on the surface’. Quarries have been worked in this piece of ground quite recently and the right of the freeholders and inhabitants of Hope to quarry and carry away stone has not been disputed.”

Notes on Chapter IV
[1] Henry Balgay of Hope and Rowlee was step father to Joseph Fox, having married for his third wife Anne daughter of Rowland Moorewood of the Oaks in Bradfield and widow of William Fox of Fullwood. He was the subject of the Memorial Brass in the Chancel of Hope Church before referred to. His daughter Elizabeth died unmarried, and was buried at Hope 23 Feb 1672.
[2] The Trustees named are those acting in 1921.
[3] Henry Liddell ... ...endant of Stephen Bright of Carbrook, a landowner in Edale and one of the founders of Edale Chapel in 1614. Henry Liddell inherited the Carbrook estate from his grandfather Sir John Bright Bart. He would seem to have inherited the Edale property also.

OCR/Transcription by Rosemary Lockie in October 1999.

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