Derby : Its Rise and Progress

By H.W. Davison

Transcriptions by Rosemary Lockie, © Copyright 2016

Derby - Its Rise and Progress


Saxon town foundedc.600
St. Werburgh's Church foundedc.700
Danes occupy the town 874
Saxons re-take it 917
Danes re-occupy it 943
St. Alkmund's foundedc.950
All Saints', St. Michael's, and St. Peter's foundeda.1066
St. James's monastery foundeda.1140
Nunnery founded 1160
King John passed through Derby 1200 March.
Third Charter granted 1204
King Edward I. at Darley Abbey1291 & 1292
Friary founded 1292
Assizes first held at Derby 1328
St. Mary's Bridge re-built of stonec.1330
St. James's monastery destroyed by firec.1335
Town riot 1341
St. Peter's Church re-builtc.1350
Fire at Nunneryc.1400
Borough Recorder appointed 1460
All Saints' Tower re-builtc.1509-27
Monastery, Nunnery and Friary dissolved 1537-9


Joan Waste burned to death in Windmill Pit 1556 Aug. 1.
Mary Queen of Scots passed through the town 1585 Jan.
Flood 1587
Romish priests executed 1588
Riots re Common Lands,1590, 1603, 1604
Devonshire Almshouses founded 1599
Election riot 1610
Municipal Charter 1611
Flood (exceptional) 1611
Wilmot Almshouses built (rebuilt 1814) 1630
Charter enlarged (Mayor appointed) 1637
King Charles I. passed through 1642 Sept. 13-16.
Sir Jno. Gell came to Derby 1642 Oct 31.
Plague 1645
Flamsteed born 1646
George Fox imprisoned 1650-1
Flood 1659
Booth's insurrection 1659 Aug. 26.
County Hall built 1660
Flood 1673
Mercers' Company established 1674
Gisborne Mansion built (Wardwick)c.1677
Earl of Devonshire declared for William of Orange 1688 Nov.
St. Michael's Waterworks erectedc.1690
Meeting House built (Friar Gate, now Unitarian Chapel) 1698
Dr. Sacheverell preached at All Saints' 1709 Aug. 15.
Old Assembly Rooms built 1714
Large's Almshouses established 1716


Lombe's Silk Mill built c.1717
Derby Postman (first Derby newspaper) established 1719
All Saints' Church demolished 1722
Hutton born 1723 Sept. 30.
All Saints' re-opened 1725 Nov.
Buck's View of Derby published 1728
Town Hall built 1730
Derby Mercury established 1732
"Wright of Derby" born 1734
Dr. Samuel Johnson married at St. Werburgh's 1735 July 9.
First coach from Derby to London 1735
Meeting re Turnpikes 1738
Flour Riot 1740
Flood 1740
Scotch rebels in Derby 1745 Dec. 4-6,
China Works establishedc.1750
Millstone Riot 1756
County Prison built (Nun's Green) 1756
Cavendish Bridge built (Shardlow) 1758
French prisoners of war came to Derby 1759
Ribbed stocking-frame invented 1759
New Assembly Rooms built 1764
Rev. John Wesley mobbed 1764 March.
Wesley's Meeting House built (St. Michael's Lane) 1765
Food Riots 1766
Theatre opened (Bold Lane) 1773
Flood 1774
First fireproof mill in England built by Messrs. Strutt near the present Corn Exchangec.1775
Election trial 1776


French prisoners of war came to Derbyc.1779
Brookside Meeting House built 1783
Philosophical Society founded 1783
Meeting at Guildhall re circulation of bad halfpence 1786
Sadler Gate Bridge built 1787
Howard, the philanthropist, in Derby 1787
St. Mary's Bridge, re-building began 1789 Nov.
Oil Lamps placed in streets 1792
First coach-stand (Corn Market) 1793
Canal from Derby to Trent 1795
Baptist Chapel built (Brook Street) 1803
Military Depot built (Rose Hill) 1805
Methodist Chapel built (King Street) 1805
Friends' Meeting-House (St. Helen's Street) built 1808
Rejoicings re Jubilee of George III. 1809 Oct.
Shot Tower built 1809
Infirmary opened 1810 June.
Peace Party held meeting 1812 Oct.
Lancasterian and Bell's Schools opened 1812
Roman Catholic Chapel built (Chapel Street) 1813
Peace rejoicings 1814 June.
Four men hanged for rick-burning 1817 Aug.
Brandreth, Ludlam, and Turner executed 1817 Nov. 7.
Primitive Methodist Chapel built (Albion Street) 1817
Britannia Foundry established 1818
Baths at Infirmary opened 1819


Thos. Hopkinson hanged before County Gaol for rick-burning, etc.c.1819 April.
Herbert Spencer born 1820 April 21.
Mrs. Fry visited the County Gaol 1820 Nov.
Market Place lighted with gas 1821 Feb. 19.
Depôt (Rose Hill) sold 1822
Derby Reporter established 1823
Daniel Parker Coke, Esq., died 1825 Dec. 6.
New County Prison built, Vernon Street 1823-6
St John's Church opened 1828
Cobbett lectured in Theatre 1829
New Market opened 1830
Flood 1830
Riot re Reform Bill 1831 Oct. 8-10.
Lunatic Asylum opened (Green Hill) 1831
Streets partly lighted with gas 1831
Town meeting re Board of Health 1831
Trinity Church built 1832
Royal Commission re Corporations 1833 Dec.
Trade strike (five months) 1833-4
All Saints' Church lighted with gas 1836
Lecture Hall built 1837
Athenæum and Royal Hotel built 1839
Roman Catholic Church, Bridge Gate, opened 1839 Oct.
Workhouse built (Osmaston Road) 1839
Railway opened to Nottingham 1839 May 30.
Railway opened to London (via Hampton-in-Arden) 1839 Aug. 12.
Railway opened to Leeds 1840 June 30.
Christ Church built 1840
Arboretum opened 1840 Sept. 16.


Town Hall destroyed by fire 1841 Oct. 21.
Great Flood (see page 324) 1842 April 1.
First Cemetery opened, Uttoxeter Road 1842
Town Hall restored 1842
St. Alkmund's Church rebuilt 1846
Football suppressed 1846
Derbyshire Advertiser established 1846
China Works closed 1849
Water Works completed 1850
St. Paul's Church, Chester Green, built 1850
County Asylum, Mickleover, opened 1851
Training College for School-mistresses established 1851
Exeter Bridge built 1852
Temperance Hall built 1853
Exeter House demolished 1854
New Cemetery opened, Nottingham Road 1855
St Michael's Church rebuilt 1858
Public Baths, Full Street, established 1858
Derby Gazette established 1860
Baptist Chapel, Osmaston Road, built 1861
Corn Exchange opened 1862
Market Hall opened 1866 May 29
St. James's Church built 1866
Iron Gate widenedc.1867
Recreation Grounds presented to town by Mr. Bass, M.P. 1867
Infirmary enlarged 1869
Drill Hall opened 1869
St. Luke's Church built 1871


Free Baths, on the Holmes, builtc.1873
Children's Hospital built 1877
Free library and Museum opened 1879
Deaf and Dumb Institute founded 1879
Corporation purchased Water Works 1880
Mechanics' Institution rebuilt (Enlarged 1894) 1882
Corporation Art Gallery established 1883
Railway Servants' Orphanage opened 1887
Rowditch Recreation Ground opened 1889
Infectious Diseases Hospital established 1889
Poor Law Offices built in Becket Street 1893
St. Werburgh's Church rebuilt 1893-4
Deaf and Dumb Institution opened, Friar Gate 1894
Midland Railway Institute established 1895
Government Offices, St. Peter's Churchyard, opened by Lord Chancellor Halsbury 1897 April 9.

OCR/transcript by Rosemary Lockie in November 2016.

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